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基思·亨尼西(Hennessey)的博客

美国前国家经济委员会主任、乔治·布什的首席经济顾问Keith Hennessey

 
 
 

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给总统的新闻发布会的20个问题  

2009-07-27 23:25:48|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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总统奥巴马预计在美国东部时间明天晚上8点举行一个记者招待会。

   我希望这些问题比杰夫泽莱尼在4月30日总统就职100天后的记者招待会上的提问更深刻:

   在前100天里,关于政府,你最大的惊喜是什么?在服务大众方面你最困惑的是什么,

最令人委屈的是什么,最令你烦恼的是什么?

   白宫记者团任何成员都在期待集中在经济政策严厉的提问,我提供以下供您参考:

经济

1、 因为您的上任,美国经济衰退已经导致二百六十四万工作的丢失,失业率为9.5 %和并且还在上升。一个好的迹象是失业率将在明年年初开始下降。副总统说,您的政府误读了经济情况。你提到你对什么时候提出经济刺激方案还没有掌握完整的信息。然而,你提出如果你能决定的话你将不会对刺激经济作出任何的改变。如果情况已经发生了变化,改变政策为什么没有意义?

2、上个月的就业报告是你当政以来第一个报告,报告显示就业状况低于前一个月。现在你认为美国经济越来越好或还是越来越差呢?如果下一个就业报告显示情况更糟,你会重新评估改变财政政策的必要吗?

3、你维持你的承诺,对于年收入低于250,000美元人民不增加他们的税收,你是否会坚持认为医疗卫生立法符合这一承诺?

4、克莱斯勒和通用汽车公司退出破产。是美国纳税人的税收进行补贴这些企业?您从拥有许多通用汽车和克莱斯勒股权的纳税人中退出战略是什么?

5、您提出从不良资产救助计划节省开支来防止丧失抵押品赎回权、帮助小企业和从银行购买不良资产。今年6月国会预算办公室说,他们没有发现任何证据表明任何款项已经用于这些项目。有多少赎回权需要防止,有多少小企业获得贷款,有多少不良资产已购买?

医疗卫生

6、你坚持认为,医疗改革“花费呈曲线下降。”国会预算办公室主任埃尔门多夫说,正在讨论的法案将逐渐取代卫生费用增加,并会增加长期的预算赤字。你是否会继续坚持认为,医疗改革不会增加财政赤字?

7、政府提到,医疗改革的关键是解决我们的长期预算问题。然而,你已经采用了一个较低的标准,即医疗改革的法律根本没有使我们的赤字问题恶化。如果医疗改革使预算状况无法改变,因为国会预算办公室说,在未来十年内,您的预算会导致九万亿美元的新债务,从长远来看,你将会提出什么方案来解决政府债务可能出现的爆炸?

8、你提到透明度是首要的。然而,在国会预算办公室还没有充分时间来评估的开支法案效果以前,你却要求国会通过一项一万亿多美元的开支法案。此外,政府推迟发布新的经济预测和赤字评估报告,一直到国会投票对这个庞大的新开支法案表决以后才发布。你承诺现在你不会要求国会议员就这一庞大的新开支款项投票,直到政府履行其法律义务来提供最新的经济预测和赤字的预测报告,国会预算办公室已经向国会提供了该法案透明和完整的分析报告吗?

9、6月15日你说: “如果你喜欢你的医疗卫生计划,你就能够保证医疗保健计划不变。在此期间,无论什么,没有人能够去取消它。 “然而,国会预算办公室说,这些法案将导致数百万美国人失去现在老板提供给他们健康保险,因为他们的老板将把这些保险费和雇员推向纳税人补贴的项目的行列。上周四在新泽西州你似乎重新澄清您的承诺,你说:“那时我说,'如果你有你的健康计划,并且你喜欢它, ...我的意思是,政府是不会因为卫生改革而让你改变你的健康计划。”在电视论坛上,你说:“如果您很满意你的计划,如果你很满意您的医生,我们不想让你必须改变。”你相信你的第一个承诺强有力的?

10、在2008年2月辩论中,当时的克林顿参议员反对你的关于个人买健康保险书面计划。在那次辩论中你说:“在某些情况下,现在仍然有支付罚金和仍然支付不起健康保险人,所以他们现在比他们想象的更糟。他们没有医疗保险,他们支付罚金。为了让您能够迫使他们获得医疗保险,你必须有一个非常严厉的处罚。” 现在你正在支持一项法案,将迫使人们去购买医疗保险,国会预算办公室人员表示仍将有800万人没有医疗保险并在交纳更高的税。你怎么向那些没有保险的八百万人解释为什么你现在支持的这个法案和他们将不得不面对的“非常严厉的惩罚”,要知道你曾经在竞选期间强烈反对过该法案?

11、政策和政治方面的专家说,废除或限制从雇主提供给员工健康保险中索取税收是一个很好的途径,它可以使健康方面的花费呈曲线下降。一些强大的工会反对这一变革。迄今为止,您现在的立场一直含糊不清。你认为这种变化将是良好的政策?如果该法案吸引共和党人投票,你是否愿意支持它?

12、民主党控制白宫,并在众议院多于共和党38个席次,在参议院要克服来自60个席位参议员的任何阻碍。共和党议员将会支持医疗改革吗?

13、大多数反对这些保健法案的国会议员认为,他们有一个更好医疗改革的办法,如瑞安科伯恩法案。为什么指责他们为现状辩护?这样公平吗?你能喊出一个明确主张维持现状,而不反对首选方案的国会议员吗?

14、你参加了反对华盛顿的特殊利益的运动,并指责他们企图阻止医疗改革。然而,行政当局与特殊利益相关的人却进行闭门磋商并支持达成了协定。在白宫,在代表了卫生维护组织,制药公司,医院,医生,工会,和护士利益的华盛顿说客的簇拥下,你已经宣布了该协定。这能叫协商吗?

能源和气候变化

15、印度政府告诉国务卿希拉里印度将不同意限制其碳排放。中国方面也发出同样的信号。你还愿意去签署一份不包括印度和中国降低或放慢它们排放增长约制承诺的协议吗?

16、如果这两个最大的发展中经济体不愿意放慢它们的排放增长的话,美国对美国工人和制造者征收更高的能源成本还有意义吗?那难道不只是用未来全球温度的极少降低来使得美国工人处于不利地位吗?

17、如果参议院今年秋天不能通过“总量管制与排放限量贸易”法案的话,你要要求国会在你参加今年11月在哥本哈根举行的全球气候变化论坛之前给你一个较小的清洁能源技术法案吗?

18、你支持美国的核扩散吗?如果支持,你正在做什么来鼓励它?鉴于参议院多数党领袖里德的坚定立场是将核垃圾存放在内华达州的丝兰山上,你准备在哪里存放核垃圾?

贸易

19、参议院金融委员会上的民主党和共和党高层曾敦促你向国会提交与美国同盟国哥伦比亚、巴拿马和韩国已签署的自由贸易协定让国会批准。你为什么不提交?你什么准备时候提交?

20、在G20和G8峰会上,你和其他领导人一起宣布放弃贸易保护主义并承诺就多哈全球贸易圆桌谈判达成一致。你正在采取什么措施来抵消美国曾经采取的贸易保护措施——如购买美国——的效果,另外你正在采取什么具体措施来促进多哈圆桌谈判?

总统和国会正考虑在经济政策领域进行改革,如果被采用的话,这将会带来巨大效果。我希望白宫记者团能提出尖锐的问题来更好地刺激经济政策辩

 

(翻译纠错。读者发现任何翻译错误请发邮件给我们,谢谢:caijingblog#126.com 将#改为@)


英文原文(地址:http://keithhennessey.com/2009/07/21/20-questions/ ):

 

20 questions for the President’s press conference

President Obama is scheduled to hold a press conference tomorrow (Wednesday) evening at 8 PM EDT.

I hope the questions are better than the one asked by Jeff Zeleny of the New York Times at the President’s 100-day press conference on April 30th:

During these first 100 days, what has surprised you the most about this office, enchanted you the most about serving in this office, humbled you the most and troubled you the most?

In case any members of the White House press corps are looking for more rigorous questions focused on economic policy, I offer the following for your consideration.

Economy

  1. The U.S. economy has lost 2.64 million jobs since you took office.  The unemployment rate is 9.5% and rising.  The good scenario is one in which the unemployment rate begins to decline early next year.  The Vice President said your Administration misread the economy.  You said you had incomplete information when proposing the stimulus.   Yet you have said you would not change anything about the stimulus if you could.  If the facts have changed, why doesn’t it make sense to change your policy?
  2. Last month’s jobs report was the first since you took office that was worse than the prior month.  Do you think the economy is getting stronger or weaker right now?  If the next jobs report gets still worse, will you re-evaluate the need for a change in fiscal policy?
  3. Do you maintain your promise not to allow taxes to be raised on people earning less than $250,000 per year?  Will you insist that health care legislation conform with this commitment?
  4. Chrysler and GM have exited bankruptcy.  Are U.S. taxpayers done subsidizing these firms?  What is your exit strategy from taxpayers owning much of GM and Chrysler?
  5. You proposed spending money from the TARP to prevent foreclosures, help small businesses, and to buy toxic assets from banks.  In June CBO said they had found no evidence that any money has been spent for any of these programs.  How many foreclosures have been prevented, how many small businesses have received loans from, and how many toxic assets have been purchased?

Health care

  1. You have insisted that health care reform “bend the cost curve down.”  CBO Director Elmendorf says the bills being debated would instead raise the health care cost curve and would increase long-term budget deficits.  Will you continue to insist that health care reform not increase the deficit?
  2. Your Administration has said that health care reform is the key to addressing our long-term budget problem.  Yet you have adopted a lower standard, that health care reform legislation simply does not make our deficit problems worse.  If health care reform leaves the unsustainable budget situation unchanged, and since CBO says your budget would result in nine trillion dollars of new debt over the next decade, then how else do you propose to deal with the projected explosion of government debt over the long run?
  3. You have said transparency is a top priority.  Yet you are calling on Congress to pass a trillion-plus dollar spending bill before CBO has had time to estimate its full effects.  In addition, your Administration is delaying release of the new economic projections and deficit estimates until after Congress votes on this massive new spending bill.  Will you commit now that you will not ask Members of Congress to vote on this massive new spending commitment until your Administration has met its legal obligation to provide an updated economic forecast and deficit projection, and until CBO has provided Congress with transparent and complete analysis of the bill?
  4. On June 15th you said, “If you like your health care plan, you will be able to keep your health care plan.  Period.  No one will take it away.  No matter what.”  Yet CBO says these bills would cause a few million Americans who now have employer-provided health insurance to lose it, as their employers would try to push costs and people onto taxpayer-subsidized programs.  Last Thursday in New Jersey you seemed to redefine your promise when you said, “When I say, ‘If you have your plan and you like it, … what I’m saying is the government is not going to make you change plans under health reform.”  And at your televised forum, you said, “If you are happy with your plan, and if you are happy with your doctor, we don’t want you to have to change.”  Do you believe your first promise was too strong?
  5. In a February 2008 debate with then-Senator Clinton you opposed an individual mandate to buy health insurance.  In that debate you said, “In some cases, there are people who are paying fines and still can’t afford it, so now they’re worse off than they were.  They don’t have health insurance and they’re paying a fine.  In order for you to force people to get health insurance, you’ve got to have a very harsh penalty.”  Now you are supporting a bill that would force people to buy health insurance, and that CBO says would still result in eight million people not having health insurance and paying higher taxes.  How do you explain to those eight million uninsured people why you now support the mandate and “very harsh penalty” they would have to face, and which you opposed during the campaign?
  6. Experts across the policy and political spectrum say that repealing or limiting the tax exclusion for employer-provided health insurance is a good way to bend the health cost curve down.  Some powerful unions oppose this change.  Your position has so far been ambiguous.  Do you think this change would be good policy?  Are you willing to support it if it attracts Republican votes?
  7. Your party controls the White House, has a 38+ seat margin in the House, and has the 60 Senate seats needed to overcome any filibuster.  How can Republicans be holding up health care reform?
  8. Most members of Congress who oppose these health care bills argue they have a better way of reforming health care, such as the Ryan-Coburn bill.  Why is it fair to accuse them of defending the status quo?  Can you name a Member of Congress who has explicitly argued for the status quo, rather than just arguing against your preferred alternative?
  9. You campaigned against Washington special interests and have accused them of attempting to block health care reform.  Yet your Administration has negotiated and supported deals made behind closed doors with some of these same interests, and you have announced those deals here at the White House flanked by Washington lobbyists representing HMO’s, drug companies, hospitals, doctors, unions, and nurses.  How is this consistent?

Energy & Climate change

  1. The Indian government told Secretary Clinton that India will not agree to limit its carbon emissions.  The Chinese have sent the same signal.  Are you willing to sign a new climate agreement that does not contain binding commitments by China or India to reduce or slow the growth of their emissions?
  2. Does it make sense for the U.S. to impose higher energy costs on American workers and manufacturers if the two largest developing economies are unwilling to slow their emissions growth?  Won’t that just disadvantage American workers with little reduction in future global temperatures?
  3. If the Senate cannot pass a cap-and-trade bill this fall, will you ask Congress to send you a smaller clean energy technology bill before you go to the global climate change discussions in Copenhagen this December?
  4. Do you support the expansion of nuclear power in the U.S.?  If so, what are you doing to encourage it?  And where are you going to store the nuclear waste, given the strong opposition of Senate Majority Leader Reid to storing it in Nevada’s Yucca Mountain?

Trade

  1. The top Democrat and Republican on the Senate Finance Committee have called for you to submit to Congress for their approval the signed Free Trade Agreements with U.S. allies Colombia, Panama and South Korea.  Why have you not submitted them to Congress?  When will you do so?
  2. At the G20 and G8 Summits you joined other leaders in renouncing protectionism and committed to concluding the Doha Round of global trade talks.  What steps are you taking to roll back protectionist measures the U.S. has taken, such as Buy America, and what concrete steps are you taking to advance the Doha Round?

The President and Congress are considering changes in economic policy that would have massive effects if adopted.  I hope the White House press corps asks rigorous questions that can better inform the economic policy debate.

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